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Monte Baldo is a long chain of over 40 km. that estente between the provinces of Trento and Verona in the north-east south-west to separate two large valleys, shaped by Quaternary glaciers, have given rise to Lake Garda and Val d'Adige.
The group is generally divided into dorsal Baldo, culminating in Punta Telegraph (m. 2200) and Mount Altissimo di Nago (m. 2070).
In the southern part, also, there is a wide valley between the ridge of Monte Baldo and the steep escarpments of the Val d'Adige, between Novezzina and Spiazzi of Ferrara di Monte Baldo, to form the beautiful grassy plateau where Ferrara di Monte Baldo.
Towards the south, where the valleys of the Garda and the Adige to extend and almost touching, Baldo slopes towards the hilly basin of Caprino Veronese.
The Baldo, once the mountain shepherds because of the large areas of pasture exploited since time immemorial, it is also called the garden of Italy for the extraordinary quantity and rarity of plant species and in particular for the spectacular blooms.
Mount Baldo is mainly composed of marine sedimentary carbonate rocks, limestone and dolomite deposits of the Triassic and Oligocene (200 mil. Years ago and 60 mil. Years ago)
The extended 'wafer' sediment was subjected to strong compression and pressures exerted by tectonic uplift of the masses from the west and the foothills of Brescia Lessinian from the east.
The elevation of the ridge, which began about 40 mil. years ago, has resulted in the two tectonic fractures of the great pit of Lake Garda, and, later, the canyon of Val Lagarina.
With various ice ages the mountain was completely surrounded by glaciers, in particular by the great Garda glacier that reached a thickness of more than 1000 meters of ice.
The phenomenon has led to the isolation of floral species arctic and subarctic resulting in the selection of numerous endemic floral, joy and interest for botanists.

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